Treatment

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CCSVI Treatment - Venous angioplasty

 

Venous angioplasty, also known as balloon angioplasty, is the basic method of treatment used for the treatment of CCSVI.

Venous angioplasty is a procedure performed in order to widen the constricted vein with the use of a special catheter placed in the vein via percutaneous access (the catheter is introduced in the groin area, into the femoral vein). A balloon cathether is then inserted into the constricted vein and inflated with gas, which enlarges the vessel and restores its patency.

Evidence shows that using cutting balloons may improve the effects of the treatment, decrease the risk of restenosis and reduce the intraoperative trauma of healthy tissue. For best results a balloon with cutting blades is used together with standard balloon catheter during angioplasty. This technique can also be beneficial in cases of hardened or calcified occlusion when standard balloons alone may not be as effective in restoring patency.

 

In exceptional cases when the narrowing does not expand under the balloon pressure, or a vein dissection occurs, the balloon angioplasty is supplemented with the insertion of a stent.